Criminal Investigation of Unna...

Criminal Investigation of Unnatural Death

Criminal Investigation of Unnatural Death Quiz Crafted By-

Mrinmoy Mukherjee

Scientific Officer

Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi

Introduction to Criminal Investigation of Unnatural Death  

The investigation of cases of unnatural death is essentially an important function of the Police, as the general public, in most of the cases, frequently forward allegations of foul play and if the unnatural death occurs within the view or custody of Police, the things would become very serious.

The unnatural death, as defined under section 174 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, is that

 (a). a person has committed suicide, or

 (b). he has been killed by another, or

 (c). he has been killed by an animal, or

 (d). by a machinery or

 (e). an accident or

(f). the person has died under circumstances raising a reasonable suspicion that some other person has committed an offence. 

Let's look at the questions and their answer. 

Ques 1. If a dead body lying on its back shows lividity features on the front, it indicates that

a) Death was sudden 

b) Dead body was shifted 

c) Death was due to blood loss

d) Time since death was less than 12 hours

Answer – b) Dead body was shifted 

Ques 2. Which of the following changes in a dead body does not help to determine time since death

a) Cadaveric spasm                                                     

b) Marbling

c) Foamy liver                                                     

d) Hypostasis

Answer – a) Cadaveric spasm 

Ques 3. A person if burnt alive, can be determined by the:

a) Cherry-red discoloration of blood                    

b) Pink Coloration of blood

c) Blue color of blood                                

d) Brown color of blood

Answer – a) Cherry-red discoloration of blood 

Ques 4. Which of the following organs is most suitable for a diatom test?

a) Jejunum

b) Lungs

c) Stomach

d) Sternum

Answer – b) Lungs

Ques 5. A dead body for autopsy is to be preserved in a cold chamber whose preferred temperature is

a) -4 Degree Celsius

b) 0 Degree Celsius

c) 4 Degree Celsius                                             

d) 10 Degree Celsius

Answer – c) 4 Degree Celsius  

Ques 6. Which of the following is a feature in antemortem hanging ?

a) Fracture of hyoid bone

b) Ligature mark around neck

c) Protrusion of tongue                                                

d) Salivary dribbling

Answer – d) Salivary dribbling

Ques 7. Casper’s dictum is used in relation to

a) Rigor mortis

b) PM staining

c) Putrefaction

d) Mummification

Answer – c) Putrefaction

Ques 8. CrPC 174 & 176 are related with

a) Magistrate & Police Inquest

b) Police & Magistrate Inquest

c) Medical Examiner’s & Coroner’s Inquest           

d) Coroner’s & Medical Examiner’s Inquest

Answer – b) Police & Magistrate Inquest

Ques 9. Unnatural Death is defined under

a) 172 CrPC

b) 173 CrPC

c) 174 CrPC

d) 175 CrPC                                                  

Answer – c) 174 CrPC

Ques 10. Which of the following is NOT  considered as one of the 3 Stages of Death Investigation process:

a) Examination                                                      

b) Correlation

c) Interpretation

d) Verification

Answer – d) Verification

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