Here is the List of Questions with Answers along with explanation
Que 1. What is the purpose of DVI?
a. To confirm number of injured persons
b. To do positive identification of person
c. To give medical help
d. To know reason of disaster
Answer - b) To do positive identification of person
Explanation: In mass disaster situations, the positive identification of human remains is an important task performed by forensic scientists. The ultimate aim of all disaster victim identification operations must invariably be to establish the identity of every victim by comparing and matching accurate Ante-mortem (AM) and Post-mortem (PM) data.
Que 2. Minimum How many persons loses their life will considers as mass disaster?
Answer - b) 10
Explanation: loss of life of 10 or more person will consider as mass disaster.
Que 3. How many types of disasters are there?
Answer - d) 4
Explanation: There are 4 types of disaster: natural, Accidental, industrial, and man-made.
Natural disasters are large-scale geological or meteorological events that have the potential to cause loss of life or property. These types of disasters include:
1. Tornadoes and Severe Storms
2. Hurricanes and Tropical Storms
Accidental Disasters: A large number of railroad accidents, including collisions and derailments, happen in India; many get injured, and some people even die in these accidents. Other accidental disasters such as fire hazards cause more damage than cyclones and floods.
Industrial Disasters: These are the disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence. They are a form of industrial accident where great damage, injury or loss of life is caused.
India has continued to witness a series of industrial disasters during the last 33 years after the Bhopal gas tragedy, including a chlorine gas leak in Vadodara (2002) that affected 250 people, a toluene fire at Mohali (2003), a chlorine gas leak at Jamshedpur (2008), and boiler furnace explosion at the Unchahar power plant (2017) which killed 43, affecting more than 80 people.
Man-made Disasters have an element of human intent, negligence or error involving a failure of a man-made system, as opposed to natural disasters resulting from natural hazards. Such man-made disasters are crime, arson, civil disorder, terrorism, war, biological / chemical threat, cyber attacks, etc
Que 4. Gas leakage is which kind of disaster?
Answer - c) Industrial
Explanation: Gas leakage is an industrial disaster. Some industrial disasters are as follows:
A spate of leaks of poisonous chemicals has once again raised the specter of the Bhopal gas tragedy, which saw thousands of Indians lose their lives in what is considered the world’s worst industrial disaster.
In 2009, forty-five workers were killed due to a chimney collapse at the BALCO construction site in Korbe, Chattisgarh. An inquiry revealed the accident occurred because of failure to adhere to safety norms.
In 2016, an HPCL gas pipeline leaked in Ankapura village. This was caused by a hole in the pipeline that runs between Mangaluru-Hassan-Mysuru-Soluru. Once again, villagers who inhaled the gas had to be sent to hospital.
Shivrajpur, Kanpur saw a horrific accident on 15 March, 2017. Ammonia leaked from the gas chamber of a cold storage facility, causing a huge explosion. The roof of the building collapsed, trapping over two dozen people. The NDRF had to be called in. Five labourers died immediately. Eight more suffered serious injuries, and four of them passed away in hospital.
Que 5. What is the first step to perform on disaster site?
a. Secure the disaster site
b. Locate each body and label
c. Take photographs
d. Provide medical help to injured
Answer - d) Provide medical help to injured.
Explanation: In every disaster site first and foremost duty of responding officer is to provide medical help and arrange transportation to injured people from disaster site to medical help providing point.
Que 6. What is Casualty Bureau Incident Room?
a. Where all dead bodies been kept
b. Where all information regarding disaster is provided
c. Where all injured people is treated
d. Where all necessary equipment been kept
Answer - b) Where all information regarding disaster is provided
Explanation: The Casualty Bureau (CB) Incident Room is the central point where all information related to an incident is received, collated and assessed. This includes information about people believed to be involved in the incident.
Que 7. From where telephonic line is available for people on disaster site.
a. Casualty bureau incident room
b. Family liaison coordinator room
c. Police room
Answer - a) Casualty bureau incident room
Explanation: The CB Incident Room provides resources and a process to manage high-volume data, in order to identify key or critical information at the earliest opportunity. The CB Incident Room also provides a telephone line for the public to report people involved in an incident, as well as an online reporting facility.
Que 8. Who will examine deceased persons or human remains?
a. Investigating officer
Answer - c) Pathologist
Explanation: The pathologist’s main objectives are to:
Ascertain cause of death
Gather evidence for criminal investigation
Contribute towards gathering identification evidence.
Que 9. Where all recovered human remains will be stored?
a. Near to disaster site
d. Forensic laboratories
Answer - c) Mortuary
Explanation: All human remains recovered from the scene are to be processed, examined and stored at a mortuary which has been selected for the operation, pending formal identification and release by the Coroner or legal authority
Que 10. In DVI what are the responsibilities of forensic odontologist?
a. Dental age estimation
b. Dental autopsy
c. Bite-mark analysis
d. All of above
Answer - d) All of above
Explanation: These all are field of forensic dentistry so it is forensic odontologist responsibly to perform dental autopsy, age estimation and bite mark analysis.