Document Examination

Document Examination Quiz Crafted by-

Dr. Ajay Sharma


State Forensic Science Laboratory,

Rajasthan, Jaipur

Introduction to Document Examination

Document examiners are often called upon to compare typewritten or computer printer-generated documents, analyze inks and papers, determine the age of a document, uncover credit card forgeries and currency fraud, and reconstruct charred or obliterated writing. The forensic document examiner relies on special instruments. Examination of disputed signatures or printing processes requires magnification and lighting. Incandescent light, fiber optic light sources, and transmitted light sources are all useful to the forensic document examiner. 

Let's have a look at the questions & their answers

Que 1. A cheque may be a

a) Document

b) Questioned document

c) Standard document

d) Any one of the above three A to C

Answer – d) Any one of the above three A to C

Que 2. Report of Government Document Expert is admissible under :-

a) u/s 291 Crpc

b) u/s 292 Crpc

c) u/s 293 Crpc

d) u/s 294 Crpc

Answer - c) u/s 293 Crpc

Que 3. The handwriting is characteristic of an individual and is the product of a number of influencing factors, each of which contributes to the final form, style and characteristics of the writing. Handwriting may be called as

a) Muscular phenomenon

b) Neurological phenomenon

c) Neuromuscular phenomenon

d) Reflex action phenomenon

Answer - c) Neuromuscular phenomenon

Que 4. When a person starts learning and practicing writing, the same gets characterised by his conscious efforts to copy standard letter form which is called

a) Standard book form

b) Ideal book form

c) Copy book form

d) None of the above

Answer - c) Copy book form

Que 5. Ultra-Violet light examination in Document is used for: -

a) Detection of forgeries

b) Indented writing examination

c) Fluorescent features examination in paper

d) Disguised writing examination

Answer - c) Fluorescent features examination in paper

Que 6. Chemical erased writing is generally detectable under: -

a) UV light

b) Transmitted light

c) White light

d) Spot light

Answer - a) UV light

Que 7. Differentiation of two inks on the basis of luminescent property can be examined using: -

a) Electrostatic principal

b) Infra-Red-light examination

c) Transmitted light examination

d) Oblique light examination

Answer - c) Transmitted light examination

Que 8. Transforming digit 3 in to 8 is an example of: -

a) Addition

b) Obliteration

c) Alteration

d) Erasure

Answer - c) Alteration

Que 9. Showing of pen lifts & retouching along with  line quality defects, hesitation, tremor are characteristics indications of which type of forgery?

a) Simulated forgery

b) Traced forgery

c) Transmitted light forgery

d) Free hand forgery

Answer - b) Traced forgery

Que 10. Importance of admitted writing over specimen writing is mainly due to of its :-

a) Contemporary period & Non- disguised

b) Content of writing & Slant of writing

c) General characteristic examination

d) Erasure in writing examination

Answer - a) Contemporary period & Non- disguised 

Que 11. Indentation is best identified by

a) UV light Apparatus

b) IR light Apparatus

c) Iodine fuming Apparatus

d) Electrostatic development Apparatus

Answer - d) Electrostatic development Apparatus

Que 12. Secret ink writing written with an ink containing starch can be suitably deciphered by

a) Ammonia treatment

b) Carbon fuming

c) Heat treatment

d) Iodine fuming

Answer - d) Iodine fuming

Que 13. If the ink contains metal like iron, copper and zinc, treatment with which one of the following would be most useful for decipherment of secret writing?

a) Sulphuric acid

b) Ammonia

c) Copper sulphate

d) Potassium Ferrocyanide

Answer - d) Potassium Ferrocyanide 

Que 14. A writing written by fountain pen can be identified by which of the following?

a) Rolling ball movement strokes

b) Split nib movement strokes

c) Fibre tip movement strokes

d) Oil base ink movement strokes

Answer - b) Split nib movement strokes 

Que 15. Dyed ink is better than pigmented ink as

a) It is more resistant to fading

b) Its produces good quality of printing

c) It produces a deeper colour for a given density per unit mass

d) It does not soak into the proper

Answer - c) It produces a deeper colour for a given density per unit mass

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