Forensic Document Examination

Forensic Document Examination

Quiz Crafted by-

Harsha Sharma

Senior Scientific officer 

Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science


Introduction to Forensic Document Examination


The term "questioned document" refers to any handwriting, typewriting, signature, or mark whose authenticity is in dispute. The types of documents that come under the examiner's purview include wills, contracts, letters, threatening letters, suicide notes, ransom notes, photos, lottery tickets, passports, voter registrations, drivers licenses, checks, tax returns, sales receipts, torn pieces of paper (such as matches torn from a matchbook), photocopies, carbon paper, charred paper, faxes, and the like. Although typically such documents are paper, examiners can be called on to examine any surface on which marks or writing appears, including, for example, walls, blackboards, or rubber stamps.


Let's look at the answers of the questions.

Ques 1. Which type of writing movement in an unskilled writer’s handwriting is present prominently?

a) Whole arm movement 

b) Wrist movement 

c) Finger movement 

d) Forearm movement

Answer-a) Whole arm movement

Ques 2. In handwriting, a short initial or terminal stroke is called: 

a) Hook 

b) Hiatus 

c) Spur 

d) Staff

Answer- c) Spur

Ques 3. The problem of anachronism while collecting standards of comparison can be overcome by which of the following:

a) By collecting request writings

b) By collecting request writing by dictation

c) By collecting admitted writings

d) By collecting request writings by copying                                                        

Answer- c) By collecting admitted writings

Ques 4. Choose the correct statement

a) The weight of the hand, gradation of pressure and placing of emphasis radically changes the appearance of writing as a whole, without changing the form.

b) These delicate characteristics almost baffle simulation and if examined properly, are always among the strongest evidence of genuineness 

c) Both a and b are Correct

d) Both a and b are wrong

Answer- c) Both a and b are correct

Ques 5. Disguise in handwriting by unaccustomed hand means: 

a) To write with right hand by left handed writer. 

b) To write with left hand by right handed writer

c) Both a and b

d) Neither a nor b

Answer- c) Both a and b

Ques 6. Assertion (A): As the rhodamine ‘B’ in ballpoint pen ink degrades, it loses the ethyl groups. 

Reason (R): The ethyl groups are replaced by hydrogen atoms. 


a) Both (A) and (R) are true. 

b) Both (A) and (R) are false. 

c) (A) is true, but (R) is false. 

d) (A) is false, but (R) is true. 

Answer - a) Both (A) and (R) are true. 

Ques 7. Assertion (A): Exact superimposition of one’s handwriting is indication of traced forgery. 

Reason (R): Two handwriting of the same individual is supposed to differ to an extent due to the presence of natural variations. 


a) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect. 

b) Both (A) and (R) are correct. 

c) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect. 

d) (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct

Answer - b) Both (A) and (R) are correct

Ques 8. Acronyn NCR in context of document examination stands for 

a) No Copy Required 

b) No Carbon Required 

c) No Cursive Required 

d) No Copying Reported

Answer - b) No Carbon Required 

Ques 9. Which of the following characteristic a handwriting examiner need not to consider while comparing two handwritings to establish the forgery or otherwise: 

a) Ratio of height of the letters. 

b) Slant of the writing strokes. 

c) Choice of the words written in the text. 

d) Connections between the writing strokes. 

Answer - c) Choice of the words written in the text

Ques 10. A non-genuine signature can be detected due to

a) Size and spacing only

b) Inherent defects in the line quality

c) Defect in the form and its formation

d) Both b and c

Answer - d) Both b and c

Ques 11. Obliteration can be defined as 

a) Washing of the writing with detergent. 

b) Smearing over of the writing with a colored fluid. 

c) Removing the writing mechanically. 

d) Preparing a writing with secret ink.

Answer- b) Smearing over of the writing with a colored fluid

Ques 12. Grabber marks may be found in which of the following?

a) Typewritten document

b) Photocopied document

c) Carbon copied document

d) Printed document

Answer- b) Photocopied document

Ques 13. Drum of a photocopier if damaged may result in which of the following type of characteristics? 

a) Individual characteristics 

b) General characteristics 

c) Transitory characteristics 

d) Both a and c are correct.

Answer- d) Both a and c are correct 

Ques 14. Kromekote paper method is used in the following:

a) Determining sequence of intersecting strokes.

b) Deciphering indented writings.

c) Deciphering invisible writings.

d) Deciphering erased writings.

Answer- a) Determining sequence of intersecting strokes.

Ques 15. Which of the following was a suggested step to minimize a conscious writing effort on the part of a suspect?

a) The suspect should be provided with instructions on how to spell certain words

b) Dictation of the text should take place at least two times

c) The suspect should be furnished with a pen and paper similar to those used in the questioned document

d) Signature exemplars are best taken from something that the suspect had signed, such as a payroll check

Answer- c) The suspect should be furnished with a pen and paper similar to those used in the questioned document

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