Forensic Psychology Quiz Crafted by -
Mr. Mahesh Tripathi
School of Forensic Science and Risk Management
Rashtriya Raskha University, Gujarat.
Here is the List of Questions with Answers along with explanation
Que 1. Legal psychology is a form of……….?
A. Applied Psychology
B. Developmental Psychology
C. Clinical Psychology
D. Educational Psychology
Answer: A. Applied Psychology
Explanation: Applied psychology is a field that focuses on putting practical research into action. Applied psychology focuses on the implementation of real-world results over abstract theories and lab-based experiments. This discipline validates psychology theories in order to achieve tangible results.
Que 2. Eye witness testimony is what type of memory?
A. Autobiographical Memory
B. Episodic Memory
C. Short-Term Memory
D. Psychological Memory
Answer: B. Episodic Memory
Explanation: Episodic memory is a person's unique memory of a specific event, so it will be different from someone else's recollection of the same experience. Episodic memory is sometimes confused with autobiographical memory, and while autobiographical memory involves episodic memory, it also relies on semantic memory.
Que 3. Full form of FAINT
A. Forensic Assessment Interview Test
B. Forensic Assessment Inventory Technique
C. Foreign Assessment Interview Test
D. Forensic Assessment Interrogation Technique
Answer: A. Forensic Assessment Interview Test
Explanation: Mr. Nathan Gordon was the first person to develop reliable and valid forensic assessment interview test. The test has 30 questions to detect the truthfulness and deception in suspected criminals. The FAINT test makes use of non-verbal behaviour, projective techniques and thematic techniques.
Que 4.. Which is NOT a psychological characteristic of a disorganized offender?
A. Less intelligent
B. Socially isolated
C. Offend in a state of panic
D. No mental health problems
Answer: D. No mental health problems
Explanation: A disorganized offender would be more likely to live on their own and this type of offender tends to be of low intelligence, socially awkward and unlikely to have a partner. They are likely to have a poor employment history and very little interest in their crimes.
Que 5. What is the difference between a criminologist and a forensic& criminal psychologist?
A. Criminologists focus on societal influences
B. Psychologists focus on individual influences
C. Both A and B
D. None of the above
Answer: C. Both A and B
Explanation: Criminal psychologists seek to understand the motivations of criminals and develop a psychological profile to understand or apprehend them. They examine individual criminal behaviours and diagnose any mental health conditions. They frequently step into the courtroom to provide expert testimony. Other duties include counselling individuals who have committed crimes or evaluating their risk of recidivism.
Forensic psychology is a broad field that applies the principles of psychology to the criminal justice system and law. Forensic psychologists consult with law enforcement to integrate psychology into both criminal and civil legal matters. Their duties can include selecting juries, evaluating witnesses, and conducting mental health evaluations.
Que 6 .The progression from anger to violence results from _____.
A. A disinhibition of internal control
B. Low levels of physical arousal
C. Indifference to being caught
D. A belief that you are taking control
Answer: A. A disinhibition of internal control
Explanation: In psychology, disinhibition is a lack of restraint manifested in disregard of social conventions, impulsivity, and poor risk assessment. Disinhibition affects motor, instinctual, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual aspects with signs and symptoms similar to the diagnostic criteria for mania. Hypersexuality, hyperphagia, and aggressive outbursts are indicative of disinhibited instinctual drives.
Que 7. A psychologist in court providing relevant expert testimony for the particular case is an example of which type of relationship between the law and psychological knowledge?
A. Psychology and the law
B. Psychology in the Law
C. Psychology of the law
D. Psychology for the law
Answer: B. Psychology in the Law
Explanation: Legal psychology involves empirical, psychological research of the law, legal institutions, and people who come into contact with the law. Legal psychologists typically take basic social and cognitive principles and apply them to issues in the legal system such as eyewitness memory, jury decision-making, investigations, and interviewing. The term "legal psychology" has only recently come into usage, primarily as a way to differentiate the experimental focus of legal psychology from the clinically-oriented forensic psychology.
Que 8. The Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (CAPPS) was developed by:
A) United States Department of Homeland Security
B) British Department Criminal Justice
C) France Department of Homeland Security
D) Defense Research and Development Organization
Answer: A) United States Department of Homeland Security
Explanation: CAPPS systems rely on what is known as a passenger name record (PNR). When a person books a plane ticket, certain identifying information is collected by the airline: full name, address, etc. This information is used to check against some data store (e.g., a TSA No-Fly list, the FBI ten most wanted fugitive list, etc.) and assign a terrorism "risk score" to that person. High risk scores require the airline to subject the person to extended baggage and/or personal screening, and to contact law enforcement if necessary. CAPPS I was first implemented in the late 1990s, in response to the perceived threat of U.S. domestic and international terrorism. CAPPS I was administered by the FBI and FAA.
Que 9. A crime scene that suggests planning and premeditation is called a(n) __________ crime scene.
Answer: A) Organized
Explanation: Organised Crime is defined as planned and co-ordinated criminal behaviour and conduct by people working together on a continuing basis. Their motivation is often, but not always, financial gain. Organised crime in this and other countries recognises neither national borders nor national interests.
Que 10. _________ often occurs following an autoerotic asphyxiation.
B) Trophy taking
Answer: A) Ritual
Explanation: Autoerotic asphyxiation (AEA) is an extremely risky and life-threatening paraphilia that induces hypoxic euphoria by asphyxiation, which in turn produces or enhances sexual gratification. The device used to asphyxiate typically occludes blood-flow to the brain, which creates a euphoric effect and exhilaration, diminished ego controls, giddiness, and light-headedness, all of which heighten self-pleasure and intensify orgasm.
Que 11. Serial offenders who randomly encounter their victims during the course of some activity, rather than by searching for them can be classified as:
Answer: C) Trollers
Que 12. The intensive study of one individual is ________ research.
Answer: D) Idiographic
Explanation: In psychology, idiographic describes the study of the individual, who is seen as a unique agent with a unique life history, with properties setting him/her apart from other individuals.
Que 13. The polygraph:
A) Detects lies or deception
B) Has been in use for about 25 years now
C) Accurately measures and records physiological responses
D) Is admissible in court
Answer: C) Accurately measures and records physiological responses
Explanation: The simplest and most general explanation is that the polygraph, like other tests, measures response to a stimulus. Related empirical questions will involve the psychological basis of physiological responses such as blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and skin conductivity while a person is asked and answers a series of questions.
Que 14. MERMER is…
A. Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic response
B. Memory Encoding Reations and Memory Electroenchphalic Response
C. Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Reaction and Memory Encoding response
D. Memory Enhancement Related multiaxial electrical reaction
Answer: A. Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic response
Explanation: Memory and Encoding Related Multifaceted Electroencephalographic Response (MERMER) is a brain response derived from the EEG data at different sites. The main component of a MERMER is the P300 brainwave, an evoked response that has been well studied in the scientific literature as a potential indicator of recognition. The MERMER response is not present in subjects who lack specific knowledge about a word, phrase, or picture presented. MERMER is utilized in brain fingerprinting.
Que 15. The ipc section that deals with unsoundness of mind
A. Section 45
B. Section 84
C. Section 82
D. Section 85
Answer: B. Section 84
Explanation: Section 84 of IPC deals with the “act of a person of unsound mind.” “Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the act, or that he is doing what is either wrong or contrary to law.”