Forensic Traumatology

Forensic Traumatology Quiz Crafted by-  

Dr. Vijay Arora

State Medico Legal Expert/Advisor 

Himachal Pradesh  

cum Professor and Head, Dept. of Forensic 

Medicine, Dr. R.P. Govt. Medical 

College, Kangra at  Tanda-176002 


Here’s the short interview of Quiz maker:

On behalf of Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science I had a short interview with Dr. Vijay Arora Sir and here is what he says to all the student community and life time learners. 


1. Forensic Traumatology is a Branch of Forensic Medicine in India. How would you like to explain the scope of this subject in our country?

In India, Forensic Traumatology is mainly taught as a part of Forensic Medicine under the headings of mechanical injuries, injuries and its medico legal aspects, regional injuries etc. and not as a separate subject. As the knowledge of injuries and its medico legal aspects is very important for writing post mortem reports, injury reports (MLRs) etc. hence every doctor, police person , lawyer  and even judicial officer should study this subject.


2. Would you like to share your experiences in making this quiz ?

It was really a very nice experience and I would like to thank SIFS for giving me this opportunity.

3. I do understand from this short conversation that this subject is an emerging branch. So talking about the global perspective where do you see this subject in the next few years? 

Keeping in view the importance of this topic/subject especially in the process of police investigation and judicial decisions, I think this subject will definitely flourish in the next few years.


4. I really appreciate your time sir for giving us such insights into the subject and also for preparing such an engaging Quiz. What would be your message for the aspiring Forensic Traumatology students?

Study with honesty, dedication and take interest in the subject and only then you will realise that Forensic is unique.

Here is the List of Questions with Answers along with explanation

Que 1. Dark brown, parchment like abrasions mostly seen over bony prominences and noticed at the time of post mortem examination are suggestive of:

A) Disease of the skin

B) Post mortem abrasions

C) Ante mortem abrasions

D) Patterned abrasions

Answer – B) Post mortem abrasions

Explanation Owing to the drying and hardening of the underlying skin after death, these characteristics of abrasions are seen in post mortem abrasions.

Que 2. Which of the following is not a common site of incised looking lacerated wound:

A) Scalp

B) Iliac crest

C) Front of abdomen

D) Elbow prominence

Answer – C) Front of abdomen

Explanation Lacerated wounds may look like incised wounds when inflicted on tense structures covering the bones.

Que 3. Tears or splits produced by blows from blunt objects are called

A) Incised wounds

B) Lacerated wounds

C) Punctured wounds

D) Penetrating wounds

Answer – B) Lacerated wounds

Explanation- A laceration is a wound in which the skin, mucosa, or underlying tissues are torn as a result of application of blunt force.

Que 4. Bridging tissue may help to differentiate between:

A) Incised wound and Lacerated wound

B) True bruise and Artificial bruise

C) Bruise and Post mortem staining

D) Entry and Exit wound of firearm

Answer – A) Incised wound and Lacerated wound

Explanation-In lacerations , the underlying tissues are crushed while in incised wounds these are cleanly cut.

Que 5. The term commotio cordis is used for:

A) Myocardial laceration

B) Pericardial laceration

C) Cardiac concussion

D) Cardiac temponade

Answer – C) Cardiac concussion

Explanation - Commotio cordis means cardiac concussion which can occur after a sudden, forceful impact directed at mid-anterior chest wall in the region of Heart.

Que 6. Intra peritoneal rupture of Urinary Bladder due to blunt trauma is more common when,

A) Urinary Bladder is distended with Urine

B) Urinary Bladder is empty

C) There is no such correlation as mentioned above in A and B

D)  Rupture of Urinary Bladder is always extra peritoneal

Answer – A) Urinary Bladder is distended with Urine

Explanation Intra peritoneal rupture occurs if the bladder is expanded or significantly distended with urine at the moment of impact. Bladder is compressed against sacrum, leading to over expansion and rupture. Ruptures produced usually occur in the superior or posterior aspect of bladder.

Que 7. In severe blunt force injury, valvular laceration of which cardiac valve is most common:

A) Aortic valve

B) Pulmonary valve

C) Mitral valve

D) Tricuspid valve

Answer – C) Mitral valve

Explanation - Cardiac valvular lacerations are uncommon with severe blunt force injury,but are known to occur in approximately 5% of cases, and are usually associated with other severe cardiac injuries.

Que 8. Open Book fracture produced by Anterior-Posterior compression involves:

A) Skull

B) Ribs

C) Sternum

D) Pelvis

Answer – D) Pelvis

Explanation- Pelvic fractures are subdivided into 3 major types-Open book fractures, lateral compression fractures and vertical shear.

Que 9. Post mortem stab wounds are usually:

A) Yellow to tan in colour

B) Bright red in colour

C) Cherry red in colour

D) Bluish in colour

Answer – A) Yellow to tan in colour

Explanation - Post mortem stab wounds are usually yellow to tan in colour due to the absence of tissue perfusion.

Que 10. Bumper fracture usually involves:

A) Radius and Ulna

B) Tibia and Fibula

C) Symphysis pubis

D) Metatarsals

Answer – B) Tibia and fibula

Explanation - Bumper fractures may be produced by the front end of moving vehicle striking an upright individual.

Que 11. Grievous hurt as described in Section 320 IPC does not include:

A) Emasculation

B) Permanent privation of sight of either eye

C) Permanent disfiguration of head or face

D)  None of the above

Answer – D) None of the above

Explanation - 1st, 2nd and 6th clauses respectively of section  320 IPC.

Que 12. HARA-KIRI is an unusual type of :

A) Natural death

B) Homicide

C) Suicide

D) Accident

Answer – C) Suicide

Explanation - Hara-kiri is ritual suicide by disembowelment with a sword, formerly practised in japan by samurai as an honourable alternative to disgrace or execution.

Que 13. Deep gaping wounds caused by a blow with the sharp cutting edge of a fairly heavy weapon are called:

A) Stab wounds

B) Defence wounds

C) Chop wounds

D) Hesitation cuts

Answer – C) Chop wounds

Explanation - Heavy cutting weapons with a sharp splitting edge cause chop wounds. The dimensions of such wounds correspond with the cross section of the penetrating blade.

Que 14. Which of the following injuries is usually not produced due to kicking and punching:

A) Abrasion

B) Contusion

C) Laceration

D) Incised wound

Answer – D) Incised wound

Explanation - An incised wound is an injury caused by a weapon with a sharp cutting edge.

Que 15. Which of the following substance may be used to produce artificial Bruise:

A) Sulphuric acid

B) Marking nut juice

C) Nitric Acid

D) Dhatura seeds

Answer – B) Marking nut juice

Explanation - Artificial bruises are produced by malingerers to support a false charge however the chemical used to produce artificial bruise may be detected on chemical analysis of blister fluid.

Que 16. Ligature mark in cases of Hanging is a type of:

A) Scratch

B) Graze

C) Imprint

D) Artificial bruise

Answer – C) Imprint

Explanation - An imprint, pressure or contact abrasion is an injury which is produced as a result of direct impact or pressure of or contact with some object which crushing the cuticle, stamps a reproduction of its shape and surface marking upon the skin.

Que 17. Friction burn is an example of:

A) Graze

B) Scratch

C) Imprint

D) Artificial bruise

Answer - A) Graze 

Explanation - A graze is an injury which is produced when a broad surface of skin slides or scraps against a rough surface. It is also called brush or friction burn because it

is caused by the frictional force of rubbing against a surface and resembles a burn after drying.

Que 18. Spectacle haematoma is an example of:

A) Artificial bruise

B) Ectopic Bruise

C) Split Laceration

D) Avulsion

Answer – B) Ectopic Bruise

Explanation -The bruise appearing in a place remote from the point of injury is called ectopic bruise.

Que 19. Green colour which is appreciated in 5-7 days old bruise is due to:

A) Haemoglobin

B) Haemosiderin

C) Haemotoidin

D) Bilirubin

Answer – C) Haemotoidin

Explanation - Colour changes in bruise are due to disintegration of red blood cells by haemolysis and breakdown of haemoglobin into pigments haemosidrin,

haemotoidin and bilirubin by the action of tissue enzymes and histiocytes.

Que 20. A bruise may generally provide medico legal information in regard to all of the following except:

A) Direction of force

B) Object causing the injury

C) Time of infliction of injury

D) Degree of violence

Answer – A) Direction of force

Explanation - Bruises provide information in regard to identification of object causing injury, degree of violence, cause of injury, time of injury and possibility of infection.



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