Human Anatomy

Human Anatomy Quiz Crafted by- 

Dr. Preeti Singh 

Assistant Professor

Department of Anthropology

National P.G College, Lucknow,U.P.

Introduction to Human Anatomy

Human anatomy is the study of the shape and form of the human body. The human body has four limbs (two arms and two legs), a head and a neck which connect to the torso. The body's shape is determined by a strong skeleton made of bone and cartilage, surrounded by fat, muscle, connective tissue, organs, and other structures. The spine at the back of the skeleton contains the flexible vertebral column which surrounds the spinal cord, which is a collection of nerve fibres connecting the brain to the rest of the body.

Let's have a look at the answers with their explanation. 

Que 1. Which is the hardest part of the body

a) Cartilage

b) Tissue

c) Enamel

d) Hair

Answer - (c) Enamel

Explanation - Because it does not disintegrate to great extent in adverse environmental conditions.

Que 2. Which is the most important bone from evolutionary view point, that was helpful in bipedalism.

a) Tibia

b) Skull

c) Femur

d) Humerus

Answer - (c) Femur

Explanation - Because the posterior aspect of its shaft has lineaaspera- area where muscle adductor magnus, adductor longus & adductor brevis attaches to lineaaspera, much needed for bipedal locomotion.

Que 3. The number of bones in a human hand are

a) 64

b) 32

c) 14

d) 27

Answer - (d) 27

- Hand comprises of 8 wrist (carpel) bone, 5 meta-carpels and 14 phalanges.

Que 4. Long bone is characterized by

a) Epiphysis

b) Epiphysis, diaphysis and medullary cavity

c) Medullary cavity

d) All the Above

Answer - (b) Epiphysis

Explanation - Diaphysis and medullary cavity. A long bone has one upper end and one lower end (epiphysis), a shaft (diaphysis)- between two epiphysis and a hollow cavity in the shaft.

Que 5. Largest sesamoid bone in human body is 

a) Patella

b) Meta carpel

c) Tarsal

d) Vertebra

Answer - (a) Patella

Explanation – It is the bone placed in between lower condyles of femur and condyles of tibia bone and seed like in morphology.

Que 6. Atlanto- axial joint is which type of joint

a) Saddle joint

b) Imperfect joint

c) Gliding joint

d) Pivot joint

Answer - (d) Pivot joint

- In pivot joint which one of the bones is fixed and has a peg like projection while the other bone rotates on this fixed bone. Joint between 1st& 2nd cervical vertebra.   

Que 7. Which of the following is a twin bone in human body?

a) Bone of forearm

b) Bone of upper arm

c) Thigh bone

d) None of the above

Answer - (a) bone of forearm

Explanation - The forearm of human body has two bones- radius & ulna. Radius is laterally placed, towards the thumb, while ulna is placed medially towards little finger.

Que 8. Scapula is a

a) Irregular bone

b) Flat bone

c) Pneumatic bone

d) Synovial joint

Answer - (b) Flat bone

Explanation - Scapula is plate like flat bone of shoulder & triangular in shape.

Que 9 . Shin bone is another name for

a) Fibula

b) Tibia

c) Femur

d) Hip bone

Answer - (b) Tibia

Explanation - Because the front part of lower leg below the knee to ankle is called shin, where the tibia lies underneath on medial side, hence the name.

Que 10. True ribs are

a) 5

b) 7

c) 12

d) All the above

Answer - (b) First seven ribs

Explanation - Because only these are directly attached to the sternum, whereas the rest attach themselves to the one upper rib. For example, 8th rib is attached to 7th and 9th to the 8th and so on….

Que 11. Human vertebral column has how many curves and its shape ?

a) Two convex curves & U shaped

b) Two concave curves & S shaped

c) Two convex and two concave curves & double S shaped

d) None of the above

Answer - (c) 4 curves & double S shaped.

Explanation - This has helped human species to have an erect posture, as our body axis become vertical to the ground, further helps us in managing our body weight.

Que 12. The last cartilaginous part of sternum is

a) Body of sternum

b) Manubrium sterni

c) Xiphoid process

d) All the above

Answer - (c) Xiphoid process

Que 13. The number of facial bones in cranium are

a) 14

b) 29

c) 8

d) 10

Answer - (a) 14

Que 14. The bone that starts ossifying first in body is

a) Mandible

b) Clavicle

c) Sternum

d) Radius

Answer - (b) Clavicle

Explanation - Ossification of cartilage or membrane into bone starts with this, followed by mandible.

Que 15. A vertebra devoid of body & spine is

a) Lumbar

b) Axis

c) Atlas

d) 1st thoracic

Answer - (c) Atlas

Explanation -  1st cervical vertebra does not has the above mentioned characteristics as its condyles fit in with the occipital condyles of foramen magnum, so that the skull is well balanced on neck region.   

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