Medical Jurisprudence

Medical Jurisprudence Quiz Crafted by –

Dr. Pooja Chakraborty

Team Member

Sherlock Institute of Forensic Science India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi


Introduction to Medical Jurisprudence

Medical jurisprudence or legal medicine is the branch of science and medicine involving the study and application of scientific and medical knowledge to legal problems, such as inquests, and in the field of law. As modern medicine is a legal creation, regulated by the state, and medicolegal cases involving death, rape, paternity, etc. require a medical practitioner to produce evidence and appear as an expert witness, these two fields have traditionally been interdependent.

Let's look at the questions and their answers

Ques 1. The most common form of Inquest in India is

a) Magistrate Inquest

b) Police Inquest

c) Medical Examiners Inquest

d) Coroner’s Inquest 

Answer-b) Police Inquest

Ques 2. Magistrate Inquest is required in all of the following cases, except

a) Dowry Death                                                      

b) Custodial Death

c) Women within 3 years of marriage                                                      

d) Murder

Answer- d) Murder

Ques 3. The final verdict of Supreme Court can only be altered by

a) High Court                                                      

b) Supreme Court 

c) IAS Officer                                                       

d) Prime Minister Petition

Answer- b) Supreme Court 

Ques 4. In case of death in lock up, the inquest is held by?

a) A Police Officer

b) A Magistrate

c) A Panchayat Officer

d) District Attorney                                                       

Answer- b) A Magistrate

Ques 5. Whenever possible a dying declaration should always be recorded in presence of

a) Doctors                                                      

b) Prosecution and Defense Lawyers

c) Magistrate                                                       

d) Investigating Officer

Answer- c) Magistrate                                                       

Ques 6. The order of a court trial is

a) Oath- Examination in chief- Cross Examination- Re-Examination                                                      

b) Oath- Examination in chief- Re-Examination- Cross-Examination

c) Cross Examination- Examination in chief- Oath- Re-Examination                                                        

d) Oath- Cross Examination- Re-Examination- Examination In Chief

Answer-a) Oath- Examination in chief- Cross Examination- Re-Examination

Ques 7. The primary identifiers are the most reliable means of identification. They are                                                  

a) Friction Ridge Analysis

b) Comparative Dental Analysis      

c) DNA Analysis                                                  

d) All of the above are correct

Answer- d) All of the above are correct

Ques 8. Which of the following is not a method of Evisceration?

a) Virchow’s Method                                                      

b) Lettule’s Method

c) Helsinki’s Method                                                        

d) Rokitanskys’s Method

Answer- c) Helsinki’s Method

Ques 9. The early post-mortem phase is most frequently estimated using the classical triad of post-mortem changes. Those triad are-

a) Rigor mortis, Livor mortis, and Algor mortis                                                    

b) Rigor mortis, Livor mortis, and Putrefaction

c) Rigor mortis, Rectal Temperature, and Algor mortis  

d) None of the above                                                      

Answer- a) Rigor mortis, Livor mortis, and Algor mortis

Ques 10. -------- is the process of irreversible cessation of the vital functions of the brain, heart, and lungs. 

a) Cellular Death

b) Somatic death                                                        

c) Atria Mortis                                                  

d) Cadaveric Spasm

Answer- b) Somatic death 

Share on